What is Nasopharyngeal cancer & Symptoms?

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer definition and symptoms discussion

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the part of the throat connecting the back of the nose to the back of the mouth

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a rare tumor arising from the epithelium of the nasopharynx. It accounts for approximately 1% of all childhood malignancies. Whereas almost all adult nasopharyngeal cancers are carcinomas, only 35-50% of nasopharyngeal malignancies are carcinomas in children. In the pediatric population, additional nasopharyngeal malignancies include rhabdomyosarcomas or lymphomas.

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer. It starts in the nasopharynx, the upper part of the throat behind the nose and near the base of skull. Cancer starts when cells begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other areas.

Key Points

  • Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx.
  • Ethnic background and being exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus can affect the risk of it’s.
  • Signs of this cancer include trouble breathing, speaking, or hearing.
  • Tests that examine the nose, throat, and nearby organs are used to detect (find), diagnose, and stage nasopharyngeal cancer.
  • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

Symptoms of Nasopharyngeal cancer

In its early stages, nasopharyngeal carcinoma may not cause any symptoms. Possible noticeable symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma include:

  • A lump in neck caused by a swollen lymph node
  • Blood in saliva
  • Bloody discharge from nose
  • Nasal congestion or ringing in ears
  • Hearing loss
  • Frequent ear infections
  • Sore throat
  • Headaches

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